Deep Learning vs Machine Learning: What’s the Difference


If you are interested in the field of artificial intelligence, you’ve probably come across the terms deep learning and machine learning. There are often debates about which is better (deep learning vs machine learning) and what’s the difference.

What do DL and ML have in common? Do they overlap? What should you know about them? A lot of discussions regarding deep learning vs machine learning tend to be very complex and confusing, especially to those who are new to this field. Worry not, as we are here to decomplex the same for you.

What is Machine Learning?

Machine learning is a field of AI that attempts to make machines better at making decisions on their own. This means that you input data and tell the machine what to look for. The machine has to decide which feature(s) is important.

There are numerous ways to perform machine learning. This is also known as training the machine. You can feed data into a database, look for patterns, observe the patterns, or use a mix of the 3 methods. Some of the most common techniques to training machines are:

  1. Supervised Learning
  2. Unsupervised Learning
  3. Reinforcement Learning
  4. Patch Learning
  5. Federated Learning

What is Deep Learning?

Deep learning is a branch of machine learning. Here, you don’t need to manually program the system to learn, although you can still use mathematical models to define how the system will learn. Instead, the system learns “on its own,” based on the input data it receives and the model is created.

An example is Facebook’s paper explaining their system, which they call a convolution neural network. DL is an approach to machine learning that emphasizes learning from massive amounts of data rather than simple rules. It tries to replicate the working of a typical human brain in its ability to focus on multiple tasks simultaneously.

The goal of deep learning is to increase efficiency and effectiveness in decision-making by improving the quality with which decisions are reached. Deep learning can be applied to a diverse set of domains, including cryptography, finance, robotics, medicine, logistics, and education.

Are They the Same Thing?

Machine learning and deep learning are both important and powerful technologies in the field of AI. ML is a subfield of artificial intelligence that deals with algorithms that can take in data to make predictions about future events.

Deep Learning is further a particular form of machine learning where we use neural networks to learn representations of data. These representations are then used to make decisions about future data.

Although machine learning and deep learning are similar they are not identical. Thus, if you’re new to AI, then it is important to understand the similarities and differences between the two.

The most important difference between ML and DL is that while the former leverages supervised learning, the latter relies on unsupervised learning.

Deep Learning vs Machine Learning

Deep learning and machine learning are both collections of algorithms. DL is a specific form of machine learning that specializes in recognizing complex patterns in data. These algorithms act as neural networks that use many layers to process complex information.

The more layers that an algorithm has, the more complex its function becomes. Machine learning uses algorithms that are less complex than deep learning algorithms. It has many layers, but the layers are not stacked on top of one another.

Machine learning entails the creation and improvement of algorithms, while deep learning focuses mainly on neural networks. Neural nets learn through repetition and patterns.

These powerful techniques have led to breakthroughs in virtually every field, from medicine to space exploration. Machine learning involves training a computer to act without programming specific instructions, while deep learning leverages large data sets to teach computers how to do complex tasks like identify faces or drive cars.

Unlike ML algorithms, which require structured data, deep learning networks rely on layers or ANNs (artificial neural networks). Deep learning algorithms use complex multilayered neural networks in which the degree of abstraction increases with nonlinear transformations of the input data.

In deep learning, we use artificial neural nets to send input data (images) to different levels of the network so that the network can specify specific features of the image.


Artificial intelligence is a broad field, covering a lot of different things. There are still a lot of questions left unanswered when it comes to the field of AI. It’s a field that we’re continuously learning about and developing.

Find out what your place is within the field of artificial intelligence and learn all about the different concepts and technologies involved with it. There are great resources out there, which you can use to learn more about the various fields and technologies pertaining to AI.

Artificial intelligence is constantly changing its definition with the emergence of new technologies to simulate human capabilities, and, as such, the limits of artificial intelligence are being reconsidered.

People Who Read This Article Also Read:

Share Your Thoughts, Queries and Suggestions!