The core building blocks of every website are HTML and CSS. So, if you’re considering a career as a web developer, you need to be familiar with these two languages. But being extremely knowledgeable is insufficient. You need to understand the primary difference between HTML and CSS. We will uncover the key takeaways of the HTML vs CSS debate in this article.
A front-end developer is a person who works on front-end development, which is what makes everything you see on websites possible. An expert web page designer who uses HTML and CSS is known as a front-end developer.
Now let’s briefly see what HTML and CSS are, and the differences between the two.
What is HTML?
The structure of every piece of material on a web page or set of web pages is defined using HTML. The most fundamental part of an HTML webpage is a tag. Numerous tags in HTML are used for various specialized purposes.
Hypertext simply means “Text within Text”. A text is a hypertext if it has a link. We click on a hypertext that directs us to a new online page. HyperText is a method of connecting two or more web pages (HTML documents).
Applying layout and formatting standards to a text document requires the use of a markup language, which is a computer language. The text is made more dynamic and interactive via a markup language. The text can be transformed into graphics, tables, links, etc.
Features of HTML
Some features of HTML are
- Since HTML is a case-insensitive language, both <html> and <Html> are equal.
- HTML can be seen on any operating system, making it platform-independent.
- HTML has a structure resembling a tree. The HTML tag serves as the root element, followed by the head and body tags, which are children of the head tag.
- Very helpful for incorporating photos, hyper images, videos, and other websites to make them more user-friendly.
- The HTML language is simple to learn and comprehend.
What is CSS?
CSS is a language for style sheets that specifies how a document is formatted and looked in a markup language. It enables us to give our outdated HTML texts new aesthetics. We can simply change the way a website looks by making a few adjustments to the CSS code. It gives HTML an additional feature. CSS streamlines the process by regulating the layout of numerous web pages. CSS is simple to maintain and is well-supported by the community.
CSS enables you to change a variety of HTML elements’ attributes, such as the background color or image, the alignment of tags using margins, the position properties, the font values, or the removal of already-existing HTML tag properties.
Features of CSS
Some features of CSS are as follows:
- By separating the website’s style/design from its content using CSS, we can make the material more readable, accessible, and flexible.
- A CSS file can be added to your HTML document in three different ways. Internal, external, and inline. CSS is more adaptable as a result.
- When adding styling to three or four items, this method is preferred. It is used by adding a style tag inside the head tag.
- The <link> tag in the HTML document’s head tag is used to add an external CSS file.
- When we need to define one or two properties for a specific tag, inline CSS is more practical than the first two options (here we use style attribute inside any tag).
- CSS offers a variety of selectors that allow us to access any element—parent or child—group of elements—or individual element—from an HTML text.
HTML vs CSS: Key Differences
|The content on a web page is organized using HTML.||Using CSS, you can give a web page’s content some style.|
|You can include videos, photos, and hyperlinks when using HTML.||With the necessary indentation, padding, and other styling options, such as border color, CSS sets those photos, videos, and other content in the proper placements for amazing visuals.|
|Using the style and link tags, we may use CSS both inside and outside of HTML.||But without HTML, CSS is worthless.|
|HTML cannot support animations or transitions.||CSS makes animation and transition possible, which can be added to tags to enhance user experience.|
|Style elements in HTML tags allow for inline CSS.||Different selectors are available in CSS to choose tags or set tags.|
|To specify the structure of a web page, HTML is used.||CSS is only relevant to the design and presentation when it is being used for implementation.|
|Since there is no logic involved, it is simple to learn.||A little more challenging to master than HTML.|
In a word, HTML gives any website the fundamental structure, and CSS gives styling to that structure. CSS acts as the upper skin to make the skeleton of HTML look attractive.
For the quick and simple construction of desirable web documents, HTML and CSS are utilized. It is clear from comparing HTML and CSS on several levels that both are essential for producing visually appealing web pages. We hope now you have a better understanding of the HTML vs CSS topic.